Dry Eyes – Dealing with the Most Sophisticated Eye-Diseases

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Dry eyes are caused by a disease called dry eye syndrome’, which is the major reason for many patients to visit the eye doctor. There are many symptoms associated with dry eyes such as blurred vision, burning sensation, photophobia (light sensitivity), itchy eyes, heavy eyes, sore eyes, red eyes, dryness sensation and aching sensations. Apart from these, a sensation of having a foreign body inside the eye—an irritation or itchy feeling as if some other object or material has stuck in the eye.

Reasons for Dry eyes:

Sometimes, watery eyes can also be indicated as the primary symptom for dry eye syndrome. This happens mainly because of the excessive dryness; the water part of the tears works as a protective measure. This phenomenon of “reflex tearing” do not have a tendency to stay long enough and is a failed attempt to rectify the dry eye condition. The dry eye syndrome has very negative effects on the eyes, as it may cause permanent damage to the eyes due to inflammation.

Defense Mechanism of Eyes:

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In general, a consistent layer of tears protects the surface of the eye and keep eyes healthy enough for a healthy vision. The importance of tears in keeping eyes moist enough is very high, as it may help eyes to protect from dust, microbes and to avoid any further damage to the cornea. If on any bad day, if the tear film and its components undergo through any problem, then it will lead to instability of tear and dry eyes. Furthermore, the dry eyes are divided into various categories which are again depended upon the kind of part that is affected.

Factors to Be Taken Care Of:

There are some factors that are actually responsible for the phenomena of dry eyes:

       Excessive computer usage
       Contact Lens usage
       Age factor
       Eyelid closure issues
       Smoking habit
       Repeated indoor exposure

Treatment Methods:

It is always recommended to visit a nearby ophthalmologist for dry eyes diagnosis and treatment. Ideally, any eye doctor will initially note down the questionnaire about the symptoms which you are facing before initiating any kind of dry eye treatment. Based on your answers the treatment is planned by the doctor with the right treatment approach.

1. Artificial Tears: These are one of the quickest solutions recommended and used by the patients all over the globe. But it is quite necessary to go with an appropriate prescription to avoid any further side effects.

2. Restasis: This is almost a replacement for eye drops, this an allergen used for eye treatment. Restasis has the tendency to lubricate the eye’s surface of your eye, which is due to an agent that reduces inflammation associated with dry eye syndrome.

3. Steroid Eye drops: These are used as a short-term solution to get rid of the pain and irritation caused in the eyes. Mostly, steroid eye drops are used along with artificial tears and Restasis, to carry out long-term treatment.

4. Lacrisert: It is a sterile lubricant that works with the mechanism of slow-release, by placing at the lower eye, where the eyelid meets the eyeball conjunctiva tissue.

Thanks to the advancing technology which is bringing up many exciting treatment plans for the patients. There are many treatment options available, but it is always recommended to ensure the constant care of the eyes. Eyes are a very important part of our body and they deserve the best maintenance to help you see the colorful world. As this is one of the sophisticated diseases of the human body, one needs to combat this with simple prevention methods. At the same time, self-medication is not preferred at all, as it may yield wrong results affecting your eyesight.

Author Bio: Alyssa Moylan is an ordinary woman from Australia, a writer by day and a reader by night. She writes on various topics like business, lifestyle, health, travel, and fashion. She likes to think of ways on how to solve daily life problems of people. Follow her on Google+ and Twitter.

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